Thursday, 9 June 2016

4 Smart Applications of Cyber-Physical Systems

Cyber-physical systems (CPS) are engineered networks for controlling a system of physical devices and computational algorithms. CPS from bird eye view are the integration of tangible systems with intelligent technology, informed via virtual component i.e. internet and have embedded humans for decision making. In CPS the embedding of communication and computational skill into physical mechanisms offers advance connection of humans with the technology. CPS also network with other cyber systems for data acquisition. Cyber-physical systems once advanced and out of their infancy stage, have potential to make the interaction of humans with the world a phenomenal experience.

Applications of Cyber-Physical Systems

In the field of medicine, cyber-physical systems are inevitable. When a patient visits a medical practitioner, it will be convenient for the practitioner to access the previous history of the patient already recorded electronically. It will also be beneficial for the patient to get correct prescription or test at the time it matters. CPS transfer & record the medical data and trigger real-time alarms in case of emergency such as sudden fluctuations in blood pressure levels. CPS keep the humans in closed-loop for controlling and taking medical decisions.     

There is always a chance that the engine temperature shoots up suddenly or vehicle components such as steering & brakes get weary especially during long drives. Information about these faults is essential to avoid any potential accidents. CPS have capability to signal such shortcomings in advance. CPS also offer real-time control of the automobile & navigation systems to the operator and internet access to the passengers. Human-centric needs like trip safety can be catered better, when the embedded humans have understanding of the overall integrated system and when they are efficiently assessing the signals.  


Home automation
A home can be transformed into smart space when a virtually controlled intelligent system is integrated in to the system of the home appliances. Role of CPS in smart space includes but not limited to the control of lighting, air conditioner, fridge, and even in cooking. Via home control system, signals can be sent to appliances for required function. Faulty appliances can send the message to the control and monitoring station for a quick fix.   

Smart living
The cyber-physical systems if and when integrated into daily stuff that are not by default embedded with virtual intelligence for example keys, spectacles, wallet, cell phone charger or you name it like your favorite ear rings, then living will be intelligent and smart. Imagine you don’t need to squirrel around whole home for car keys, or dive into closet for a pair of ear rings. Simply get embedded into cyber-physical system virtually and locate any wearable or day-to-day use item.
To live smart you have to think smart!     

Once the cyber-physical systems have rooted into the cyber world & become fruitful and have less or controllable security issues, the mankind perspective of how we vision & interact with the world would entirely be prodigious. The future of CPS depend upon how the real-time real things of the perceptible world are visualized & transformed into the virtual entities of the cyber space. CPS must have embedded intelligence with self-adapting capabilities to semantic environment and to human-centric needs.  

1. Z. Bai and X. Huang, “Design and Implementation of a Cyber Physical System for Building Smart Living Spaces”, International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, Vol. 2012, 2012. (WWW)

2. H. Ning and H. Liu, “Cyber-Physical-Social Based Security Architecture for Future Internet of Things”, Advances in Internet of Things, Vol. 2, pp. 1-7, 2012. (WWW)

3. R. Rajkumar, et al., “Cyber-Physical Systems: the Next Computing Revolution”, In the Proceedings of the 47th Design Automation Conference, pp. 731-736, 2010. (WWW)

4. G. Yang and X. Zhou, “Cyber-Physical Systems”, 2013. (WWW)

5. R. Baheti and H. Gill, “Cyber-Physical Systems”, From: The Impact of Control Technology, T. Samad and A.M. Annaswamy (eds.), 2011. (WWW)

6. D. Work et al., “Automotive Cyber Physical Systems in the Context of Human Mobility”, National Workshop on High-Confidence Automotive Cyber-Physical Systems, Troy, MI, 2008. (WWW)

7. M. Wolf, “High-performance Embedded Computing: Applications in Cyber-Physical Systems and Mobile Computing”, MK publications, 2014. (WWW)

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