Sunday 25 October 2015

Why O Why

People throw litter on the roads, Why O Why

People eat less food than they leave on dining table, Why O Why

Every dining outlet is filled, Why O Why
People are dying out of hunger, Why O Why
People don’t take care of their health, Why O Why
People don’t let their kids be innovative, Why O Why
Knowledge cannot be gained without going to schools & colleges, Why O Why
There are preschools for pets, Why O Why
There are mid-night parties, Why O Why
People connect online and disconnect onsite, Why O Why

There is a profession called housewife, Why O Why
A housewife needs a maid, a cook, & tutor for kids homework, Why O Why
There are designer abaya (covering gown), Why O Why
Ladies waste time in finding matching laces, Why O Why
Elders think their words are mark on the rock, Why O Why
Facebook is so important, Why O Why
There is tikka pizza, Why O Why
There is no fajita niharee, Why O Why

Thoughts by,
Engr. Ayesha Alam Khurram

Eating food – Still hungry?

Why do we eat food? To ensure survival, a human body needs energy and nutrients. Food intake supplies that energy and nutrients to keep us going. The feeling of hunger is the prime factor that informs us to eat food. The food that we opt to eat relies within our biological characteristics. Our choice of food also depends on our physiological needs. Our body and mind know when to stop eating through a sensation called satiety. Satiety signals or fullness signals are those signals that tell us that now it’s enough intake of food and the body is at the state of no hunger.

Food rich in fats and sweets or in other words junk food creates a pleasure response while eating it. That type of food doesn’t nourish the body properly instead creates signals that lead a person for its intake more than needed. This situation occasionally is affordable by the body for its nutrients and energy balance. However, if this situation occurs frequently then the body starts storing fat.

Fat-rich food has lowest satiety power that means you keep eating it and don’t feel to stop eating. On the contrary food intake that includes vegetables, fruits, whole grains, and lean proteins has high satiety power and can make a person feel full at the right time. So the person doesn’t end up in eating more. A person can understand the satiety signals send by the brain. Once a person feels that brain is sending fullness signals then the person should act upon it immediately.

To stay away from storing fat we should eat food that has high satiety power. Moreover, we should be aware of fullness signals send by the brain and should stop eating as soon as we get those signals.
See also: Never Fail Mealplan

               Exercise or Dieting

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Parallel Worlds

We homo sapiens or human beings dwell in the planet called earth. It is the third planet from the sun. The sun, earth and seven to eight more planets make our solar system. The solar system is but a tiny or infinitesimal part of the entire universe. We think that our earth is one of its kind. But cosmologists have understood that our world i.e. planet earth might exist parallel to other world(s). Those worlds or world exist in different dimension. Max Tegmark of MIT says that it’s real science and not a science fiction story. Those worlds might be a part of ‘sister’ universe that exists not far from us.

NASA has installed Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer at the International Space Station in search for parallel worlds. A hypothesis of quantum mechanics named ‘many interacting worlds’ suggests that parallel worlds exist and they might interact with our world as well. There does exist a repulsion force between parallel worlds so they cannot interact with each other properly. Some of those worlds may be very similar to our world and others may vary or totally different.  

Fantasy ideas such as interaction of human beings with other universe don’t remain fantasy as such after the concept of parallel worlds. Griffith university’s Professor Howard Mark Wiseman unleashed the idea that we experience a world that is but one among numerous worlds. In his peer reviewed paper that was published in 2014, “Quantum Phenomena Modeled by Interactions between Many Classical worlds”, he and other authors have discussed the idea of many worlds using the laws of computational physics and quantum physics.  

As for us who are interested in science fiction, this research seems fascinating and a type of research to follow along so we can stay on board with newest findings of this notion of parallel worlds.

See also: Gravitational Waves

                       Golden Spiral

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Monday 19 October 2015


An entrepreneur whose focus is into the business of high technology is called technopreneur. This term was devised from technology and entrepreneur. Developing and organizing a business of a technological background is technopreneurship. The term technopreneur was first used in 1987. The term is still in the stage of childhood. Asian countries such as Malaysia and Singapore have adopted the term technopreneurship even before it has become common in the western countries. Singapore is the first country to use the terms technopreneurship and technopreneur.   

An entrepreneur is a person who starts a company offering any type of products or services.  A technopreneur is an entrepreneur who has technological expertise along with business skills. Like an entrepreneur, a technopreneur must be dynamic, productive, and be ready to take challenges. A technopreneur must possess the ability to take calculated risk as it’s all about technology.

An entrepreneur is creative but an exceptionally creative, enthusiastic, and high-tech entrepreneur who innovates and utilizes the brain to the maximum limit is a technopreneur.

A technopreneur is not born but made via a process of technological training and understanding risk factors of a successful startup.

Those entrepreneurs, who are actually technopreneurs according to the definition, still introduce themselves as entrepreneurs instead of technopreneurs because they are not sure that if this term best suits them according to their entrepreneurial endeavors. This is due to the ambiguity of the term itself, due to lack of trust in the term, or due to the fact that the term might still be in the stage of its infancy instead of childhood. Hopefully the term technopreneur will blossom more and technological entrepreneurs will proudly introduce themselves as technoprenuers.

Not every entrepreneur is a technopreneur but every technopreneur is an intelligent entrepreneur.

Written by, 
Engr. Ayesha A. Khurram

Exercise or Dieting?

Dieting has prominent effects on the body. Dieting can make a person look slimmer but it actually is weakening the person from inside. When a person has a dieting routine it’s another name of starving. The person has those strong craving signals that she/he continue to suppress and eventually ends up eating more like never before. How long can one do dieting? 2 years or 5 years or may be 15 years? After that the body becomes ultra-deformed i.e. extremely fat or totally skinny that doesn’t look smart and feels weak. When a person diets, the sleep is in the state of extra-craving for some savory dish. 
     Dieting can result in depression, constipation, dehydration, fainting, & weight re-gain. 

Exercise on the other hand is not a routine but it’s a life style. The person gets strong from the core. Smartness is an honorarium that one gets. While the person sleeps or rests, the body still works and the person burns fat.

Exercise reduces stress & anxiety, relaxes the person, helps maintaining weight, & psychological fitness becomes better.

What about meal plan with an exercising routine?
If a person has short term goal and the person is doing exercise with strict meal plan, this is actually another form of dieting. The person will surely shed some fat but there will always be a craving for what he/she missed eating during those exercise days. The goal should not be short term like to look slimmer after a couple of weeks for an occasion. The goal of exercise should be long term. Focus should be on the overall body health while staying smart. Eat balanced diet, have milk and juices. The person just has to avoid junk but the junk he/she may eat occasionally to stay safe from deep cravings. 

Keeping cravings means that one day the person will lose the tempo and eat it all!  

Written by,
Engr. Ayesha A. Khurram 


The Brain: Neurology
Neurology is the study of nervous system i.e. brain. The brain is made up of billions of cells called neurons. The brain controls every part of the body. There are messages to and from the brain for parts of the body. The brain sends signals to the body parts and to the heart.

The Heart: Cardiology
Cardiology is the study of heart. The heart has blood vessels to carry blood to and from it. The function of heart is to circulate blood throughout the body. The heart sends blood to the brain through a specific carotid artery. There is a complex blood circulation in the brain.      

The Brain-Heart connection: Neurocardiology
Neurocardiology is the study of the interaction between brain and heart. When the brain sends signals to the heart, the heart beats that results in maintaining the blood pressure of the body. The nervous system of the brain controls the heart rate. Once the blood pressure is maintained, the heart sends back signals to the brain that the blood pressure is maintained now. The brain then stops sending signals to the heart.

Heart disorder affects the brain:
If the heart fails to send back the signal properly, the brain will continue sending signal to the heart to beat more and more resulting in a high blood pressure.  It means that the brain now is sending signals continuously, heart is beating forcefully and the heart is not sending back a stop signal to brain. It causes impaired heart function and high blood pressure. This high blood pressure eventually results in brain dysfunction. It is now understandable that brain and heart are interconnected.
The brain needs constant supply of oxygenated blood. If heart muscle becomes weak, the blood pumping throughout the body and to the brain is limited. When the blood circulation to the brain is limited it causes problems with the electrical activity of the heart.  

Brain disorder affects the heart:
The brain that is not functioning properly does not generate proper neuron currents. It affects the electrical system of the heart. Any change in heart electrical activity is due to unusual brain electrical activity. Emotions that arise with in the brain affect heart rate. For example, anger initiating from the brain can result in high blood pressure.

The heart sends signals to the brain. The brain sends signals to the heart.
The disorders in brain activity can cause heart failure. Loss of cells in brain also causes heart problems.
Heart neurologically affects the brain.  A heart disease has a definite impact on brain function. The diseases that cause heart malfunction affect the brain as well.


Also read: Is there really a Brain in Heart

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