Friday, 16 August 2019

Mapping of waste

Review Report of the paper

Background
This research paper is about quantifying the agriculture plastics wastes (APW) produced due to the agriculture using the Mapping process, as plastic is used for increasing the productivity of agriculture products and speed up the agriculture process. Pollution generated due to manufacture of plastic in industry and when dispose after used in agriculture process. The intensity of plastic usage depends on the type of agriculture crops.  So intend research is need to manage the APW and used it as a secondary raw material instead of disposing.
                                    The Mapping of terrain is required to visualize the Plastic usage in agriculture field. The mapping process has been used to design the Geo-reference database. A dedicated geo-referenced database was designed using land use maps in a GIS environment and applying a methodology that can be functional for any kind of agricultural plastic waste.

Mapping process/methodology

The applied methodology is summarized in the following steps:
·         Preparation of the base map suitable to be managed in ArcMap according to the specific research purpose;
·         Selection and highlighting on the land use map of the crops generating plastic wastes;
·         Detection of the land use with respect to the different typologies of plastics used in the area;
·         Creation of a geo-database summarizing the complete information on the agricultural plastic waste;
·         Database validation;
·         Attribution of indicators of plastic production for each crop in the land;
·         Quantitative evaluation of agricultural plastic waste;
·         Realization of the APW maps.

The base map of Apulia was geo processed the territorial analysis was done which cover the usage of plastic, type of plastic and the various agriculture product using plastic. Map was updated with given information to be processed by GIS and then this GIS map was used to generate the results. The results were cross check though field inspection.

Results and Discussion

A dedicated geo-referenced database was created by using the base map material in a GIS. The area of study incorporates the land of Trani for an area of 987 ha, the land of Barletta for an area of 503 ha and the land of Andria for an area of 10 ha

Crop Distribution In The Study Area
Vineyards
Olive trees
Arable land (cereals and vegetables).
                 47%
                 30%
     11%


APW per cultivated area and per year is about 250 tonnes, of which the largest contribution, accounting for 63%, is obtained from the plastic covers of the vineyards and 35% is due to irrigation pipes of all the irrigated crops (vineyards, olive trees, vegetables, orchards).

Three Maps created for the Agriculture field
1.      The Land Use map for agriculture
2.      The distribution of the amount of plastic waste deriving from irrigation pipes
3.      The distribution of the amount of plastic waste deriving from covering films and nets

Reference:

Mapping of agriculture plastic waste. Giuliano Vox et al. / Agriculture and Agricultural Science Procedia 8 ( 2016 ) 583 – 591.

Review by,
Kamran ullah Khan 

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